View the list of all donors. Dawes Plan Germany elected Gustav Stresemann as their new chancellor in Economic hardship combined with a general distrust of the Weimar system to destabilize parliamentary politics. In eastern provinces, forces loyal to Germany's fallen Monarchy fought the republic, while militias of Polish nationalists fought for independence: Great Poland Uprising in Provinz Posen and three Silesian uprisings in Upper Silesia.
The sudden replacement of the kaiser with the Weimar Republic never won the hearts of most Germans. It introduced the eight-hour workdaydomestic labour reform, works councils, agricultural labour reform, right of civil-service associations, local municipality social welfare relief split between Reich and States and important national health insurance, re-instatement of demobilised workers, protection from arbitrary dismissal with appeal as a right, regulated wage agreement, and universal suffrage from 20 years of age in all types of elections—local and national.
The purpose of this body was to write a new constitution and negotiate a peace treaty with the victorious Allied Powers. National laws were to supersede the laws of the states, and the Reich government was given the power to supervise the enforcement of the national laws by the local authorities.
The Weimar Republic experienced hyper-inflation and depression, gender and generational conflict, political violence and terrorism, conflicts dealing with the relationship between church and state, and racist antisemitism. Bloody street fights culminated in the beating and shooting deaths of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht after their arrests on 15 January.
Significant increases in women's rights were another achievement of the period. After a coalition formed, the president of the republic chose a chancellor to put the government together and lead it.