In September, the former president of the colony, John Ratcliffe, led a group of 50 men up the PamunkeyRiver to meet with Wahunsunacock—better known as Chief Powhatan, the powerful leader of the Powhatan Indians—to bargain for food. He asserted that Wahunsenacawh confessed of the massacres to John Smith, and presented European artifacts which supposedly proved his story.
Knoff, Extrapolating from this trend back to the s, it is likely the site of the dwellings is underwater, along with any artifacts or signs of life.
The map also featured a place called "Pakrakanick" with a note indicating "Here remayneth 4 men clothed that came from Roonocok to Ocanahawan.
In addition to the Border Ware pottery, archaeologists at Site X discovered various other items, including a food-storage jar known as a baluster, pieces of early gun flintlocks, a metal hook of the sort used to stretch animal hides or tents and an aglet, a small copper tube used to secure wool fibers before the advent of the hook and eye in the 17th century.
In fact, the period coincides perfectly with bloody battles between the Indians and the English. After a difficult journey, White returned to England on November 5, But when nearly new immigrants arrived aboard seven English supply ships in Augustthey found the colonists struggling to survive.
Sir Thomas Gates, the newly named governor, found Jamestown in shambles with the palisades of the fort torn down, gates off their hinges, and food stores running low.
But Jamestown proved to be neither paradise nor gold mine. The things we hold are never this heavy.