Sumerian writing and egyptian writing impact

Impact of writing on society

The Egyptian characters are much more directly pictorial in kind than the Sumerian, but the system of suggesting objects and concepts is similar. The first examples of writing were pictograms used by temple officials to keep track of the inflows and outflows of the city's grain and animal stores which, in the bigger Sumerian urban centers such as Ur, were big enough to make counting by memory unreliable. As writing develops, a standardized method of doing it begins to emerge. More from Quora:. The lack of longer inscriptions or texts suggests that this script is probably limited to trading and accountancy purposes, with the signs establishing quantities and ownership of a commodity. The first known writing derives from the lower reaches of the two greatest rivers in this extended region, the Nile and the Tigris. The Chinese symbols, dating back to around BC, are currently believed to be the oldest discovered. Go here to learn more about the Epic Tale of Gilgamesh. Like cuneiform, hieroglyphs remained in use for thousands of years until the arrival of foreign conquerors with their own writing systems—and even under the Persians, Greeks, and Romans, hieroglyphs continued to be used for certain ritual purposes such as inscriptions on temples and statues. By B. Out of these sacerdotal origins, the poet, the orator, and the historian were differentiated and secularized: the orator as the official lauder of the king or solicitor of the deity; the historian as the recorder of the royal deeds; the poet as the singer of originally sacred chants, the formulator and preserver of heroic legends, and the musician who put his tales to music for the instruction of populace and kings. Even so, the professional dignity of the scribes ensures that standards do not slip. The first writer in history known by name is the Mesopotamian priestess Enheduanna BCE , daughter of Sargon of Akkad , who wrote her hymns to the goddess Inanna and signed them with her name and seal. All of these works, and those which came after them, were only made possible through the advent of writing.

Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element. The seals of the Indus valley: from BC As in the other great early civilizations, the bureaucrats of the Indus valley have the benefit of writing to help them in their administration.

why is cuneiform important

Since Egypt and Sumeria were close enough to have trade links with each other, and writing appeared in Egypt shortly after it did in Sumeria, many scholars believe that the Egyptians took the concept of writing from their neighbors. Hieroglyphics was invented in Ancient Egypt about the same time as cuneiform in Mesopotamia, but scientists believe that cuneiform came first.

These fragments have been carbon-dated to between and BC.

cuneiform writing

Cuneiform in Mesopotamia: from BC In about BC temple officials in Sumer develop a reliable and lasting method of keeping track of the animals and other goods which are the temple's wealth.

The materials of writers have evolved as well, from the cut reeds with which early Mesopotamian scribes marked the clay tablets of cuneiform to the reed pens and papyrus of the Egyptians, the parchment of the scrolls of the Greeks and Romans, the calligraphy of the Chinese, on through the ages to the present day of computerized composition and the use of processed paper.

All of these works, and those which came after them, were only made possible through the advent of writing.

cuneiform

History Shares This cuneiform text dates back to the 6th year of prince Lugalanda who ruled about B.

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Cuneiform (article)