Progressive era industrial city

Progressive era industrial city

Yet working or not women were expected to perform all the cooking and cleaning. The business owners did however have little issue with selling the alcohol that the criminals like Capone provided. The movement applied Christian ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice such as excessive wealth, poverty, alcoholism, crime, racial tensions, slums, bad hygiene, child labor, inadequate labor unions, poor schools, and the danger of war. There they would be taught by full-time professional teachers who had graduated from the states' teachers colleges, were certified, and were monitored by the county superintendents. Many Progressives sought to rid the government of corruption, and muckraking became a particular type of journalism that exposed waste, corruption, and scandal on a national level. Although its theology was based on ideals expressed during the Second Great Awakening, it also focused on poverty and social improvement. Journalists and other writers began bringing social issues to the attention of the American public. Many Progressives supported prohibition in the United States in order to destroy the political power of local bosses based in saloons. The league also concentrated on campaigns for the right of individual communities to choose whether to close their saloons. After in-depth surveys, local and even state governments were reorganized to reduce the number of officials and to eliminate overlapping areas of authority among departments. The American reformers blamed peasant resistance to landownership for the law's failure and argued that large plantations and sharecropping was the Philippines' best path to development. These workers had little to no bargaining power with their employers. They specialized on such urgent needs as infant care and maternal and child health, the distribution of pure milk and teaching new mothers about children's health.

Progressives did little for civil rights or the plight of African Americans in the aftermath of Reconstruction, as the Supreme Court affirmed the constitutionality of many racist southern laws. The misery and poverty of the Great Depression threatened to overwhelm all of these programs.

After in-depth surveys, local and even state governments were reorganized to reduce the number of officials and to eliminate overlapping areas of authority among departments. Learning Objectives Describe the theory behind Progressivism Key Takeaways Key Points Progressivism arose as a response to the vast changes brought about by modernization.

gilded age

Many spent this leisure time at movie theaters. If it not for Ann Morgan stepping up and taking sides with the strikers, nothing would have ever came from it.

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The muckrakers appeared at a moment when journalism was undergoing changes in style and practice. Education[ edit ] The reform of schools and other educational institutions was one of the prime concerns of the middle class during this time period.

Progressive era summary

These two issues in the movement brought about constitutional change. It arose in response to industrialism and dominated American politics for the first two decades of the twentieth century. Some would try to use or construct labor unions to speak for them; others tried to fight by themselves. The early progressives rejected Social Darwinism. Some, such as Lillian Wald , fought to alleviate the plight of poor African Americans. Reformers such as Taft believed landownership would turn unruly agrarians into loyal subjects. Following the assassination of President McKinley in September , Theodore Roosevelt, at age 42, succeeded to the office, becoming the youngest U. The most radical and controversial amendment came during the anti-German craze of World War I that helped the Progressives and others push through their plan for prohibition through the 18th amendment once the Progressives fell out of power the 21st amendment repealed the 18th in The traditionalists said many of their reforms were unnecessary and not worth the trouble of implementing.

Social Gospel leaders were predominantly associated with the liberal wing of the Progressive movement, and most were theologically liberal, although they were typically conservative when it came to their views on social issues. Jacob Riis Children: Jacob Riis documented the hard life encountered by many immigrants and the poor in the city.

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Ida B. The progressive solution was modernization through consolidation, with the result of children attending modern schools. Eighteenth Amendment: This constitutional amendment established prohibition of alcohol in In contrast with objective reporting, muckrakers saw themselves primarily as reformers and were politically engaged. Following World War I, provisions were made for a full-scale system of hospital and medical-care benefits for veterans. In , the Salvation Army denomination arrived in America. Another theme was building an Efficiency movement in every sector that could identify old ways that needed modernizing, and that could bring to bear scientific, medical, and engineering solutions. Skilled workers, for example, lived well in pre-industrial society as a kind of middle class. In foreign policy, he focused on Central America, where he began construction of the Panama Canal. The s and early s witnessed a profound social and political reaction to the excesses and corruption of the Gilded Age. La Follette Sr. Lots of them went to the windows to be rescued by firemen, but they found that the ladders were several floors short and water coming from the fire hoses did not have enough pressure to could the floor they were on. The Sherwood Act awarded pensions to all veterans. Toward a Welfare State Maternalist reforms provided assistance for mothers and children, expanding the American welfare state. Early Efforts in Urban Reform Early efforts in urban reform were driven by poor conditions exposed by tragedies such as the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire.

For Progressive reformers, the Constitution represented a loose set of guidelines for political governance, rather than acting as a strict authority on the political development of the United States or on the scope of federal power.

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The Progressive Era (Progressive movement) (article)