Essay on man epistle 2 theme

Essay on man epistle 2 theme

It is concerned with the natural order God has decreed for man. These mental functions are broken down into instinct, reflection, memory, and reason. The learn'd is happy nature to explore, The fool is happy that he knows no more; The rich is happy in the plenty giv'n, The poor contents him with the care of heav'n. Typically instinctual, the immediate object of the passions was seen as pleasure. Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule— Then drop into thyself, and be a fool! Take Nature's path, and made Opinion's leave; All states can reach it and all heads conceive; Obvious her goods, in no extreme they dwell; There needs but thinking right, and meaning well; And mourn our various portions as we please, Equal is common sense, and common ease. The third book would discuss politics and religion, while the fourth book was concerned with "private ethics" or "practical morality. According to his friend and editor, William Warburton , Pope intended to structure the work as follows: The four epistles which had already been published would have comprised the first book. Pope makes a side observation that while government is necessary, its form is of less importance, what is important, is a good administration: For forms of government let fools contest; Whate'er is best administer'd is best: Pope then concludes in his third Epistle, emphasizing that regard for oneself and his family has to be different than regard for the whole of society, that nature "link'd the gen'ral frame and bade self-love and social be the same. Retrieved 21 May He should not go about in life trusting everything, but on the same occasion neither should he be a total skeptic. In lazy apathy let Stoics boast Their virtue fix'd, 'tis fix'd as in a frost; Contracted all, retiring to the breast; But strength of mind is exercise, not rest: The rising tempest puts in act the soul, Parts it may ravage, but preserves the whole. The good must merit God's peculiar care; But who but God can tell us who they are?

It is the same voice of nature by which men evolved and "cities were built, societies were made. A sharp accuser but a helpless friend!

Behold the child, by nature's kindly law, Pleas'd with a rattle, tickl'd with a straw: Some livelier plaything gives his youth delight, A little louder, but as empty quite: Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage, And beads and pray'r books are the toys of age: Pleas'd with this bauble still, as that before; 'Till tir'd he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er!

an essay on man epistle 1 line by line explanation

A judge of truth, especially it is he in the only judge of truth is unlikely to be full of errors. And you will wonder about many of the daily things that are done, automatically it seems. Pope further discusses the two principles by claiming that self-love is what causes man to do what he desires, but reason is what allows him to know how to stay in line.

Superior beings, when of late they saw A mortal Man unfold all Nature's law, Admir'd such wisdom in an earthly shape, And showed a Newton as we shew an Ape.

tone of an essay on man

Happiness comes when one has "health, peace, and competence. Pope ends this stanza with the Augustan belief that Nature permeates all things, and thus constitutes the body of the world, where God characterizes the soul.

an essay on man epistle 3

The main points to take away from Section III of this Epistle is that there are many aspects to the life of man, and these aspects, both positive and negative, need to coexist harmoniously to achieve that balance for which man should strive.

Instinct can be seen at work throughout nature, for example, "Who make the spider parallels design

An essay on man epistle 2 shmoop

Let subtle schoolmen teach these friends to fight, More studious to divide than to unite, And grace and virtue, sense and reason split, With all the rash dexterity of wit: Wits, just like fools, at war about a name, Have full as oft no meaning, or the same. Pope reveals in his introductory statement, "The Design," that An Essay on Man was originally conceived as part of a longer philosophical poem which would have been expanded on through four separate books. Virtuous and vicious ev'ry man must be, Few in th' extreme, but all in the degree; The rogue and fool by fits is fair and wise; And ev'n the best, by fits, what they despise. A better shall we have? Pope stresses the maintenance of order so as to prevent the breaking down of the universe. In the tenth stanza, Pope secures the end of Epistle 1 by advising the reader on how to secure as many blessings as possible, whether that be on earth or in the after life. Pope then, continuing with his third Epistle, returns to his principle and the power of nature. But where th' extreme of vice, was ne'er agreed: Ask where's the North? The image of Nature as a benefactor and Man as her avaricious recipient is countered in the next set of lines: Pope instead entertains the possible faults of Nature in natural disasters such as earthquakes and storms. All that we feel of it begins and ends in the small circle of our foes and friends He stresses the fact that we can only understand things based on what is around us, embodying the relationship with empiricism that characterizes the Augustan era. He encourages the discovery of new things while remaining within the bounds one has been given. Instinct can be seen at work throughout nature, for example, "Who make the spider parallels design Reason "th' Eternal Art, educing good from ill" is not a guide but a guard. Epistle II is broken up into six smaller sections, each of which has a specific focus.
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An Essay on Man: Epistle II by Alexander Pope