Essay about attachment theory

attachment theory freud

Interpersonal relationship is an association which is formed in two or more people based on love, support, or even business commitment. Attachment Theory.

Likewise, the father begins to feel a loss of control, lower self-esteem, and feel powerless in the situation.

Attachment theory babies

Research is also showing that insecure attachment can produce various maladaptive behaviors, including anxiety disorders. A young infant has to develop a relationship with at least one of their primary caregivers for them to develop socially and emotionally. Ainsworth stated a secure base is an emotional rich environment He suggested too that there was a critical period for the development of attachments between infant and care giver. Without a mother infant bond, insecure attachment can develop causing psychological and emotional stresses. He observed that many of these children developed emotional problems, and he made the connection that the emotional problems stemmed from the separation from the mother. Within the attachment behavioral system, Bowlby theorized that there are four phases of development that typically unfold during the infants first year of existence In particular, it makes the claim that the capacity for a person to shape an enthusiastic and physical "connection" to someone else Our physical and mental development, along with the social behavior exhibited throughout the entire lifespan, are greatly influenced by the bonds we establish with our caregivers during infancy. This supports the Attachment theory in which emphasizes relationship between the child and caregiver as a key factor in development. Benoit, In Bowlby had a theory of attachment, and that it was centered on evolutionary thinking. The development of specific attachment is shown through separation anxiety. The attachment process can be divided into pre-attachment, discriminate and indiscriminate and multiple attachment phases.

Built by close relationships, attachment can vary from one relationship to another, depending on how available that person is especially during infancy and childhood. Relationships and attachment go hand in hand as attachment is the strong and lasting linkage established between a child and his or her caregiver For instance, secure persons reacted to mortality salience with a higher desire for intimacy in romantic relationships, while individuals who scored high on the anxiety or avoidance component reacted with harsher punishment for social transgressors.

If the attachment is deprived from an infant Bowlby argued that the infant could suffer from negative impacts on their development.

attachment theory pdf

Psychologist John Bowlbywas the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings. Many people often have mistaken attachment with bonding.

Reflection on attachment theory

Since infants require someone to tend to their needs, they develop mental working models of attachment to deem if caretakers are trustworthy and whether or not they are worthy of that care In this paper we will discuss two points. Presented by John Bowlby, the important tenet of this theory is that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to progress generally. Attachment theory and Family Systems theory relates to the issues that arise when a parent is incarcerated. The women were interviewed and measured on their attachment style and post-partum depressive symptomatology. Bowlby described these attachment behaviours, as a secure attachment, insecure attachment and disorganised attachment , he stated that children generally displayed protest, despair or detachment when separated from their parents, Mary Ainsworth , a psychologist, that was a student of Bowlbys , later expanded and tested his idea, whereby she took part in her own empirical study called the strange situation, whereby she proved Bowlbys attachment theory correct alongside some new concepts of her own, after carrying out her study in America and Uganda on babies from mths that were separated from their mothers for 3 minutes, based on her findings, she proposed that there was four different types of attachment behaviour that the infant displayed their fore classified four different categories, expand secure attachment , anxious -avoidant and anxious ambivalent, and disorganised attachment. These feeling of connection carry over from parent, to child, to later life from the person to their partner and then their own children. Built by close relationships, attachment can vary from one relationship to another, depending on how available that person is especially during infancy and childhood. Attachment Theory And The Role That Attachment - Attachment theory and the role that attachment plays in healthy psychological development has long interested me.

This helps to effectively support their growth and development over time.

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Attachment Theory essays