His destiny was now exile and opposition.
All these tensions of course did not stop him writing and it is during his time in Potsdam that he produced an interesting little work that is probably the first piece of science fiction. They also studied history, focusing on people they thought had contributed to civilisation up to that point, and philosophy, in particular metaphysics.
In the Lettres philosophiques, Voltaire had suggested a more radical position with respect to human determinism, especially in his letter on Locke, which emphasized the materialist reading of the Lockean soul that was then a popular figure in radical philosophical discourse.
Most of all, though, what I love about him as figure is his disrespect for authority and his genuine wish to see an end to tyranny and oppression. Philosophy was also a part of this mix, and during the Regency the young Voltaire was especially shaped by his contacts with the English aristocrat, freethinker,and Jacobite Lord Bolingbroke.
Voltaire was certainly no great contributor to the political economic science that Smith practiced, but he did contribute to the wider philosophical campaigns that made the concepts of liberty and hedonistic morality central to their work both widely known and more generally accepted.
Falling into the circle of duchess of Maine, he once again got himself into trouble by contributing to a libellous satirical poem ridiculing the prince regent Orleans, with whom the duchess had something of a feud. It was during his English period that Voltaire's transition into his mature philosophe identity began.
It may have its roots as an anagram or pun on his family name or several different nicknames.
Harvard Classics, Vol. Having lost her when he was seven, he seems to have become an early rebel against family authority. As a consequence, he was opposed to democracy. It was a flop and only fragments of the text survive.