A look into the age of exploration

They were able to calculate the complex time-speed equations important in dead-reckoning sailing and set anchors properly.

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There were various mates and deputies. Soon trading depots, known as factories, were built along the African coast, at the strategic entrances to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulfand along the shores of the Indian peninsula. Astrolabs, Cross Staffs and Measuring Latitude To figure out latitude, which was done by measuring the attitude of the sun at noon, mariners in the Age of Exploration used a cross-staff—"a handy graduated stick with a moving part which could be aligned with the horizon and the sun to measure the angle of the sun's elevation".

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This devise was easier to use than the more expensive and complicated astrolabe. Merle Severy wrote in National Geographic, these "broad beamed, multi-decked, high in bow and stern [were] square-rigged carracks or galleons Also, many advances were made in navigation and mapping which helped future explorers and travelers.

Proposals included a network of anchored marker ships spread around the world; astronomical-observing contraptions filled with dials and lenses; and even a magical long-distance-determining powder.

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With canons it was no longer necessary to ram a ship or get close enough to board it. In he rounded the Cape of Storms in such bad weather that he did not see it, but he satisfied himself that the coast was now trending northeastward; before turning back, he reached the Great Fish River, in what is now South Africa. He then explored the Pacific world for another year and died in a fight with the Hawaiians. Expeditions made money primarily by discovering new trade routes for their nations. By traveling to different regions around the globe, explorers were able to learn more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and bring that knowledge back to Europe. These three nations emerged as the main winners of the wars and became major powers like Spain and Portugal. Salted beef or pork; flour mixed with fat was served when meat rations ran low. The first fairly accurate method of determining speed, the chip log, was not invented until the mid 16th century. No one knows how far they got. These three new great power s also had influence all around the world. The Portuguese "received" everything outside of Europe east of a line that ran leagues west of the Cape Verde islands; this gave them control over Africa, Asia and western South America Brazil. The coastlines of the Indian Ocean are largely Ptolemaic with two exceptions: first, the Indian Ocean is no longer landlocked; and second, the Malay Peninsula is shown twice—once according to Ptolemy and once again, presumably, according to Marco Polo.

It resolved by Papal intervention in when the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the world between the two powers. Bythe British Empire had become the second global empire after Spain.

age of exploration timeline
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European exploration